How To Plan And Execute Excavation Works

Do you intend to conduct excavation work? Whether you need to build a foundation, trenches, build a basement or a drainage system, below is an extract discussing the considerations to make when conducting excavation work. 

Start With A Site Inspection

A site inspection will help you determine the required preparation works and the excavators to use. For example, you might need to clear the site and make it accessible to the earthmovers. Bobcats and skid steer loaders will help you dig trenches and holes in constricted spaces. Assess the type of soil at the site. For instance, you will need a tracked excavator if the area is uneven or has unstable soils. What is the quantity of earth that you intend to excavate? Mass excavators with sizable buckets are ideal for large-scale excavation projects. An excavator with a long reach arm will help you dig deeper into the ground. 

The scope of works will help you decide which excavator attachments that you will need. For instance, other than the bucket, you may need a grapple to uproot and move tree stumps at the site. Pulverisers and hammers will help you break rocks at the site. 

Choosing And Hiring An Excavator

Consider the following when choosing an excavator: 

  • Check the equipment manufacturer. Excavators made by reputable companies are less prone to defects and breakdowns.
  • Inquire about the excavator's power. Typically, you will need more power to lift heavy rocks that weigh tens of tonnes.
  • Weight is a vital consideration if your site has weak soils or if the excavator will pass through paved grounds. Heavy equipment could sink in weak soils or damage your pavements and floors.
  • The excavator that you hire should be in excellent condition. Ask for service and inspection records to validate this. 

The excavator hire company should have reasonable terms and pricing. For instance, check whether they will provide an excavator operator. For a long-term hire, work with companies that will service the equipment at your site. You may also want to negotiate the pricing terms. For instance, you should not have to make payments when the excavator is idle. 

Site Safety

Site safety will help prevent accidents and injuries at your site. As a rule, the excavator should be operated by trained and licenced personnel. You should have spotters to inform the operator of site hazards and blindspots. Provide your staff with walkie-talkies to ease communication at the site. 

When conducting excavation works, inspect the site, choose an appropriate excavator and observe the recommended hiring and site safety tips.